Aurora Province has a population of approximately 173,797 based on the May 2000 national census. It has a density of 54 persons per square kilometer, the fifith lowest in the country. The province's growth rate has slowed down to an annual rate of 1.84%.
Aurora has a predominantly rural population. Approximately 75.85% percent of the total populace lives in rural areas, while the remaining 24.15% lives in urban areas.
Aurora has a large youth demographic, with 43.16 percent of the total population younger than 15 years of age. The largest age group, however, is the 15 to 64 range, which comprises 50.68 percent of the population. Those aged 65 years and older represent the remaining 2.56 percent.
The sex ratio is 106 males for every 100 females.
Aurora's educational needs are met by public institutions consisting of 128 primary and elementary schools, 25 secondary schools, and one state college. This is augmented by 25 private elementary and secondary schools as well as three private colleges. Public schools dominate the educational system of the province.
Forty-seven percent of the total household population aged five years and older have attended or completed elementary education while 29.74% have attended or completed secondary studies. Only 7.89% of the population attended or completed college. The rest had either vocational background or had not gone to school. While there were more males who attended or finished elementary and secondary studies, females holding academic degrees and post baccalaureate courses outnumbered males.
According to the country's Department of Education (DepEd), Aurora's population showed a literacy rate of 94.54% in 2000.